Woodlands in the UK rely on good management. Trees should be thinned to enable others to grow well and invasive species like rhododendron, laurel and bramble have to be managed so that they don’t dominate other plants.
Woodlands that have a reason to be managed, perhaps for firewood, timber or amenity are more likely to be receive care and attention long into the future, and those woodlands that we have today have survived precisely because they have had an economic value to the local community- ‘the wood that pays is the wood that stays’
Trees grow slowly, and in the fast modern world don’t produce the quick results many people have come to expect. Coppicing, however, sees a remarkably quick return, and is as traditional as could be. The principle of coppicing is that you harvest shoots from the stump of a cut-down tree. By cutting all the shoots from a stump together you produce wood for different purposes: long thin sticks for beanpoles and straight ones hurdles and thicker stakes for hedgelaying. Logs for firewood and green woodworking may be sourced from standard trees or from restoring neglected coppice .
Hazel and chestnut are prized for coppicing because their timber is durable but isn’t highly valued in larger dimensions. Oak, ash and beech, which all produce high-value logs once grown to maturity, can be coppiced, but tend not to be managed in the same quantities as hazel and chestnut.
One of the added benefits of coppicing within a woodland is that it promotes biodiversity. With good management there will always be areas of coppice at different stages to provide habitat for a range of wildlife. Dormice thrive amidst coppice, and the extra light reaching the forest floor encourages bluebells and other plants. As a consequence coppiced woodland attracts butterflies, and obviously the whole ecosystem blossoms as a result.
The market for coppice products is still small, but a growing number of people are recognizing the value of this traditional form of woodland management, indeed many of our most valued veteran trees are survivors of past coppice programs.
Veteran Tree management
Retrenchment pruning & long term plans for mature tree preservation.